Police-Mental Health Collaboration

Highlighted Resources

Police-Mental Health Collaboration Toolkit (PMHC)

Produced By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a toolkit to assist agencies in partnering with mental health service providers, advocates, and individuals in need. It includes webinars, implementation and training guides, tools to assist in measuring performance, and FAQ.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration; training; crisis response

The Essential Elements of PMHC Programs

Produced By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This webpage outlines the ten essential elements of police-mental health collaboration (PMHC) programs.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

Police-Mental Health Collaborations: A Framework for Implementing Effective Law Enforcement Responses for People Who Have Mental Health Needs (2019)

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Description: Increasingly, law enforcement officers are called on to be the first, and often the only, responders to calls involving people who have mental health needs. To begin tackling that challenge, The Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center released a framework to help law enforcement agencies across the country better respond to the growing number of calls for service they receive involving this population.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

Other Resources

Directory

I. Overview

II. Case Studies

I. Overview

Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program Implementation Science Checklist Series (2021)

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center; Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence at George Mason University

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: The implementation science checklist series is intended for professionals who direct and oversee programming in the fields of corrections, community corrections, behavioral health, and social service agencies. The collection of eight checklists will help you assess your agency’s evidence-based practice implementation efforts and use a research-based approach to ensure that investments in evidence-based practices yield desired outcomes.

Keywords: implementation science; mental health; collaboration; evidence-based practice

Police-Mental Health Collaboration Programs: Checklist for Law Enforcement Leaders

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This checklist is designed for law enforcement leaders to consider criteria to promote an effective Police-Mental Health Collaboration (PMHC) program in their community. 

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

Police-Mental Health Collaboration Programs: Checklist for Law Enforcement Program Managers

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This checklist is designed for law enforcement program managers to help their agency gauge how its current policies and practices align with the essential elements of a successful Police-Mental Health Collaboration (PMHC) program. 

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

Police-Mental Health Collaboration Program: Checklist for Behavioral Health Agency Leaders

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: The following checklist is designed to help behavioral health agency leaders quickly gauge whether their community’s Police-Mental Health Collaboration (PMHC) program corresponds to best practices, is built on strong collaboration between behavioral health and law enforcement agencies, and strives to improve outcomes for people with mental health conditions. 

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

Police-Mental Health Collaboration Programs: Checklist for County and City Leaders

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: The following checklist is designed to help local leaders (e.g., mayors, county executives, commissioners, city managers, and council members) to quickly gauge whether their community’s PMHC program corresponds to best practices, is built on strong collaboration between law enforcement and behavioral health agencies, and strives to improve outcomes for people with mental health conditions.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program Overview (2021)

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: The Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program (JMHCP) promotes innovative cross-system collaboration and provides grants directly to states, local governments, and federally recognized Indian tribes. It is designed to improve responses to people with mental illnesses who are involved in the criminal justice system. This overview highlights successes of the program since 2006, provides links to resources that communities can use at various intercepts in the criminal justice system, and showcases two counties that have used JMHCP grant funding to improve their efforts.

Keywords: mental health; collaboration; funding

Bureau of Justice Assistance Program Brief: Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program (2018)

Produced By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description; This resource is a fact sheet presenting funding information for the Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program (JMHCP). It provides information on how JMHCP can help different groups and grant award categories.

Keywords: justice and mental health collaboration program

Program Overview: Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites (2021)

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: New strategies are being adopted around the country to improve the outcomes of encounters between law enforcement and people who have mental health conditions. The Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Site program is a national resource for law enforcement and behavioral health agencies looking to tailor response models and implementation strategies to their community’s needs. This brief provides a detailed overview of the program.

Keywords: law enforcement-mental health learning site; crisis response models

How Police-Mental Health Collaboration Learning Sites Are Helping Transform Crisis Care (2021)

Produced By: Crisis Talk

Description: Integrated into the Justice and Mental Health Collaboration program are 14 learning sites that have demonstrated best practices when responding to behavioral health issues and homelessness. The sites serve as peer-to-peer resources for communities and law enforcement agencies throughout the United States. This resource discusses how the learning sites can help jurisdictions improve their crisis response systems.

Keywords: crisis continuum; police-mental health learning sites

Building Capacity to Advance Local System Change for People with Behavioral Health Needs: A Snapshot of State-Led Solutions (2020)

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Description: State and local jurisdictions are taking new approaches to reduce the numbers of people with mental illnesses and co-occurring substance use disorders in the local criminal justice system. But these efforts often run up against barriers and gaps that require state leadership, coordination, or funding support to overcome. Drawing on lessons learned through initiatives funded by the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance, this brief presents four ways that states can direct their efforts to support local communities: (1) strengthen and formalize cross-system collaboration; (2) improve local capacity to collect and share data; (3) reduce avoidable contact with the criminal justice system; and (4) build community care and services.

Keywords: building capacity; behavioral health; collaboration

All Partners to the Table: Leaders Advancing Crisis System Reforms (2021) - Webinar

Produced By: The Council of State Governments Justice Center; University of Cincinnati

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: No one sector can improve crisis systems on its own. Partnership across behavioral health, criminal justice, and homelessness systems is critical to planning and implementing meaningful reforms that increase access to community-based care and supports that reduce law enforcement contact, improve individual well-being, and support community health and public safety. Building these partnerships is no small task. During this panel, you will hear from leaders who have bridged those divides, working in partnership to create effective crisis system responses that include police-mental health collaborations, such as co-responder teams, as well as specialized behavioral health responses, such as community responder programs. Panelists will describe how they built these cross-system relationships, the types of interventions they were able to stand up with their partners, and how those interventions resulted in meaningful and lasting change for the people in their communities.

Keywords: Police-mental health collaboration

Law Enforcement Responses for People Who Have Mental Health Needs (2019) - Webinar

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: In this webinar, presenters discuss six questions that law enforcement executives should consider when developing or enhancing Police-Mental Health Collaborations (PMHCs) in their jurisdiction and share practical approaches that have been implemented in the field. 

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration; law enforcement responses

Championing Justice System Collaboration During COVID-19 (2020) - Webinar

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This webinar details how to better coordinate and collaborate across the justice system during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The webinar features experts from The Council of State Governments Justice Center, Justice Management Institute, and more.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration; COVID-19

Police-Mental Health Collaboration Programs: A Different Way of Policing (2016) - Webinar

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: Law enforcement agencies have used police-mental health collaboration (PMHC) programs to help officers safely and effectively respond to calls for service involving people with mental health conditions for decades. This webinar provides an overview of PMHC programs—collaborative partnerships among law enforcement agencies, mental health providers, and other community-based entities—and features two Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program (JMHCP) grantees whose programs effectively respond to people with mental health conditions.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

Voices from the Field: Lessons Learned from Law Enforcement Mental Health Partnerships (2014) - Webinar

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Description: In this webinar, presenters discuss the unique challenges that law enforcement and mental health service providers face on college campuses, strategies for engaging campus stakeholders (e.g., students, faculty, administration and community residents), and information sharing. The webinar highlights two particularly successful learning sites, The University of Florida Police Department and the Madison Police Department (Wisconsin).

Keywords: college campuses; police-mental health collaboration

Overview of Law Enforcement-Mental Health Resources (2018)

Produced By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This three-page resource provides information regarding the Police-Mental Health Collaboration program conducted by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. It explains the purpose, intention, and brief methodology regarding police and mental health collaborations. It includes links to assist in finding the resources mentioned within the brief.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

Police Mental Health Collaboration (PMHC) Postcard 

Produced By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource provides an at-a-glance description of the PMHC Toolkit website, what the toolkit is intended to do, and how to participate.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

FY2020 Planning and Implementation Guide for Juvenile Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program (2021)

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Description: The guide is not intended to serve as a step-by-step blueprint, but rather to foster discussion on best practices, identify considerations for your collaborative effort, and help you work through key decisions and implementation challenges. The planning and implementation guide is tailored to support grantees in developing and refining their justice and mental health initiatives to improve responses and outcomes for youth with mental illnesses and co-occurring substance use disorders who come into contact with the juvenile justice system.

Keywords: juvenile justice; mental health; collaboration; planning and implementation

FY2020 Planning and Implementation Guide for JMHCP Purpose Area 1: Embedding Clinicians in Law Enforcement Agencies

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: The planning and implementation guide is tailored to support grantees in developing and refining their justice and mental health initiatives to embed clinicians in law enforcement agencies.

Keywords: mental health clinicians; planning; implementation

FY2020 Planning and Implementation Guide for JMHCP Purpose Area 2: Support for Mental Health Centers

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: The planning and implementation guide is tailored to assist grantees in developing and refining their justice and mental health initiatives to support mental health centers.

Keywords: mental health; planning; implementation

Webinar: Law Enforcement and Mental Health, A Community-Wide Collaborative Strategy

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Description: This webinar features innovative collaborations between law enforcement and mental health agencies working to improve the response to people with mental illnesses through specialized policing response (SPR) programs. The speakers represented the Law Enforcement/Mental Health Learning Sites, a program designed to provide peer-to-peer technical assistance to those agencies looking to begin or expand a SPR.

Keywords: police-mental health collaborations

Building Bridges: 10 Essential Elements for Effective Community Partnerships between Law Enforcement and Mental Health (2014)

Produced By: National Allice on Mental Illness Massachusetts

Description: This resource outlines 10 elements considered important to building and strengthening relationships between law enforcement and community partnerships.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

II. Case Studies

Baltimore County, Maryland: A Police-Mental Health Collaboration Assessment (2018)

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Description: In September 2016, Baltimore County, Maryland’s county executive asked the CSG Justice Center to conduct an independent assessment of its law enforcement and behavioral health collaboration, the Baltimore County Crisis Response System (BCCRS), which helps the county respond to people who have behavioral health needs. This report describes the assessment’s methodology, highlights key findings, and discusses those recommendations and strategies.

Keywords: police-mental health collaboration

Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Houston (TX) Police Department

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Description: This resource is a two-page description of one of the BJA's Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Houston, TX Police Department.

Keywords: crisis intervention response team; chronic consumer stabilization initiative; homeless outreach team; crisis call diversion program

Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Los Angeles (CA) Police Department

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a two-page description of one of the BJA's Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Los Angeles, CA Police Department.

Keywords: co-responder team; case management; triage desk

Los Angeles Police Department Mental Evaluation Unit (2020)

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a full program report of LAPD's Mental Evaluation Unit. 

Keywords: mental evaluation unit; crisis response

Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Madison (WI) Police Department

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a two-page description of one of the BJA's Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Madison, WI Police Department.

Keywords: mental health officers; mental health liaison program

Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Portland (ME) Police Department

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a two-page description of one of the BJA's Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Portland, ME Police Department.

Keywords: co-responder team; police-mental health collaboration

Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Salt Lake City (UT) Police Department

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a two-page description of one of the BJA's Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Salt Lake City, UT Police Department.

Keywords: crisis intervention team (CIT); homeless outreach team; case management

Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: University of Florida Police Department

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a two-page description of one of the BJA's Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: University of Florida Police Department.

Keywords: Crisis Intervention Team (CIT); crisis response team; behavioral consultation team

Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Madison County (TN) Sheriff's Office

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a two-page description of one of the BJA's Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Madison County, TN Sheriff's Office.

Keywords: Crisis Intervention Team (CIT); collaboration; crisis stabilization unit; mobile crisis team; information sharing

Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Arlington (MA) Police Department

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a two-page description of one of the BJA's Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Arlington, MA Police Department.

Keywords: diversion; hoarding response team; opiate outreach initiative; elder abuse prevention task force

Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Tucson (AZ) Police Department

Produced By: Council of State Governments Justice Center

Supported By: Bureau of Justice Assistance

Description: This resource is a two-page description of one of the BJA's Law Enforcement-Mental Health Learning Sites: Tucson, AZ Police Department.

Keywords: mental health support team; co-responder; crisis response center; mobile crisis team; crisis line; data sharing